FMSF NEWSLETTER ARCHIVE - September/October 2004 - Vol. 13, No. 5, HTML version

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F M S   F O U N D A T I O N   N E W S L E T T E R     (e-mail edition)
September/October 2004 Vol. 13 No. 5
ISSN #1069-0484. Copyright (c) 2004 by the FMS Foundation
        The FMSF Newsletter is published 6 times a year by the
        False Memory Syndrome Foundation. The newsletter is
        mailed to anyone who contributes at least $30.00. Also
              available at no cost on
           1955 Locust Street, Philadelphia, PA 19103-5766
                 Phone 215-940-1040, Fax 215-940-1042
In this issue...
    Legal Corner
      From Our Readers 
         Bulletin Board

Dear Friends,

"Keep your memories alive with a free camera!" flashed out from our
computer junk e-mail recently. Reminders that memories fade and that
recall is not always accurate are everywhere. It is very difficult,
however, for some to give up the belief that there is a special kind
of memory that works primarily for memories of childhood sexual abuse.

In June, the journal Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice
published a seemingly balanced article by David Gleaves and colleagues
[1] that reviewed the clinical and laboratory evidence for recovered
and false memories. Three commentaries also appeared. Gleaves et al.
conclude that there is plenty of evidence for both recovered memories
and false memories. Commentator John Kihlstrom [2] writes that the
Gleaves et al. article exaggerates laboratory support for recovered
memories of trauma and downplays evidence of the problem of false
memories. Commentator Richard McNally,[3] notes that supporters of
recovered memory often are confused about the studies they cite in
support of it: They misinterpret everyday forgetfulness after trauma
as traumatic amnesia; they fail to distinguish traumatic amnesia from
organic amnesia; and they confuse the choice not to think about a
painful event with an inability to think about it. In a remarkable
muddle, commentator Marylene Cloitre [4] argues that we need accurate
memories in order to survive and then uses that as evidence, somehow,
for the repression of memories. She proffers a remarkable explanation
for why scientists and therapists disagree about memory issues:
"Acceptance of recovered memories almost always requires acceptance of
the reality of egregious aggressive and sexual behaviors. This task is
impossible for some and all too easily embraced by others."

The articles expose the contrasting scholarly styles and the ongoing
deep division between those who believe in the reliability of
recovered memories and those who are skeptical. It is our impression,
however, that the number of people involved in defending recovered
memories has slowly been diminishing.

A firm believer in recovered memories, Noel Packard, recently gave a
talk in which she was highly critical of the FMS Foundation.[5] Most
of what she said was a rehash of old stuff, but there was a new
criticism that made us laugh out loud because it highlighted the
absurd lengths to which people have gone to try to discredit the
Foundation. In a talk entitled "Battle Tactics of the False Memory
Syndrome Foundation," Packard suggested that a "trap or possible
tactic" of the false memory debates "is the mimicking of similar names
and titles which can confound the most careful researcher, let alone
the general public." She provides as examples Dr. Anna C. Salter
(psychologist and author) and Stephanie Salter (reporter for the San
Francisco Examiner); Dr. Susan Kelly (who interviewed children in the
Amirault case) and Kelly Michaels (who was convicted and spent 5 years
in jail in connection with the Wee Care day-care center case); and Dr.
Ann Burgess (researcher involved in satanic abuse day-care cases) and
Patricia Burgus (former patient who was awarded a $10.6 million false
memory settlement). Packard said: "From a research perspective, names
that are similar are problematic when doing computer searches and can
be confounding or misleading to a poorly informed public." Who would
have guessed that the Foundation (or Google, for that matter) had such
power to confuse!

New research in the area of false memories abounds. (See below for
examples.). It is especially encouraging when students are involved.
For example, four students from New Zealand presented a symposium
called "All Roads Lead to Rome: Four Paradigms for Creating False
Memories" at the recent convention of the American Psychological
Society.[6] At the same time, there also is research by supporters of
recovered memories suggesting that people who score high on tests for
dissociation have impaired memory for words associated with incest.[7]

It should be the research results that ultimately bring the recovered
memory phenomenon to some end. But that is made more difficult by the
institutionalization of the beliefs that support recovered memories.
For example, the Web site of the "Center for PTSD, program of the U.S.
Department of Veterans Affairs,"[8] recommends The Courage to Heal and
other books that presume the reality of recovered memories, but no
readings that address the dangers of false memories. The site also has
a short symptom list and informs readers that if they have any of the
symptoms, they should see a professional who specializes in sexual
abuse. It seems the debate may go on for some time.

In this issue, we include a story about a 24-year-old murder case in
Toledo, Ohio, because it made the front page of the Philadelphia Daily
News, an indication of the fascination of the media with claims of
satanic abuse, even in the absence of evidence. It should be extremely
interesting to follow the case of Rev. Robinson and his trial in the
coming months.

Several new events have occurred in other countries that may move the
debate forward. (See below.) In Australia, a commission is being
established to investigate the recovered memory situation in the state
of Victoria. In the Netherlands, the Minister of Health has said that
he does not consider it the task of the government to provide support
to persons who, as a result of any psychotherapy, came to accept
repressed or recovered memories of incest.

A development that will please many FMSF Newsletter readers is the
fact that the documentary Hungry for Monsters (See below.) was
screened twice at the 57th Locarno International Film Festival in
August. What is special is that the film was shown in the festival's
Human Rights section. At least in some places and by some groups, the
outrages that were perpetrated on parents have been recognized for
what they are.

There are two retractor cases reported in this Newsletter issue. (See
below.) One resulted in another huge award of $5.25 million. Both cases
involve people who worked with Bennett Braun, M.D., in Chicago. The
legacy of that therapy fiasco goes on and on as former patients
recover and begin to understand what happened to them.

The highlight of this month's newsletter is the first of two parts of
the story "Losing Linda: A Legacy of Recovered Memory Therapy" below.
Based on court transcripts, Jennifer Anderson documents the absurdity
and the sadness of the beliefs that caused her sister to file a
protection order against their mother who lived more than 2,000 miles
away. This is a story unlike any you may have read previously and we
think it is an important story.

Finally, we come to the time when we must evaluate our plans for the
next year. When we mentioned a while ago that we thought that the time
had arrived for the Newsletter to become totally electronic, we
received a barrage of requests to continue to publish the printed and
mailed version. We will do this through 2005 and reconsider the issue
again next year. That means, however, that we must receive your
response to the letter that we mail to you in early October. Please
respond promptly to help us keep paperwork to a minimum. The
Foundation spends a remarkably small percentage of its resources in
administrative or fund-raising expenses. We ask for your financial
support just once each year, and we want to use that support for
furthering the programs that have helped expose and address the
problems caused by the beliefs and practices of recovered memories.
Thank you for your wonderful support.

[1] Gleaves, D., Smith, S.M., Butler, L.D., & Spiegel, D. (2004).
    False and recovered memories in the laboratory and clinic: A
    review of experimental and clinical evidence. Clinical Psychology:
    Science and Practice 11, (1), 3-28.
[2] Kihlstrom, J.F. (2004). An unbalanced balancing act: Blocked,
    recovered, and false memories in the laboratory and clinic.
    Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11(1), 34-41.
[3] McNally, R.J. (2004). The science and folklore of traumatic
    amnesia. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11(1), 29-33.
[4] Cloitre, M. (2004). Aristotle revisited: The case of recovered
    memories. Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice, 11(1), 42-46.
[5] Packard, N. (2004, April). Battle tactics of the False Memory
    Syndrome Foundation. Paper presented at the Seventh Annual
    Sociology and Committee on Historical Studies, Sociology
    Department, and International Labor Working Class History Journal
    Joint Conference at the New School of Social Research, New York,
    NY4. (
[6] Volpe, K. (2004). Paradigms for creating false memories: Students
    show how we make up what we can't remember. Observer, 17(8),
    p. 29-30.
[7] DePrince, A.P., & Freyd, J.J. (2004). Forgetting trauma stimuli.
    Psychological Science, 15(7), 488-492.

|     We are pleased that the paper "From Refusal to Reconciliation: |
| Family Relationships After an Accusation Based on Recovered        |
| Memories" by Paul McHugh, Harold Lief, Pamela Freyd and Janet      |
| Fetkewicz, has appeared in the August 2004 issue of the Journal of |
| Nervous and Mental Disease.                                        |
|     This paper is based on family responses to the FMSF survey two |
| years ago. If you would like a copy, please send a self-addressed  |
| and stamped standard size envelope to the Foundation office.       |
       |                    SPECIAL THANKS                    |
       |                                                      |
       |  We extend a very special `Thank you' to all of      |
       |  the people who help prepare the FMSF Newsletter.    |  
       |                                                      |
       |  EDITORIAL SUPPORT: Janet Fetkewicz, Howard          |
       |           Fishman, Peter Freyd                       |
       |  COLUMNISTS: Members of the FMSF Scientific advisory |
       |     Board and Members who wish to remain anonymous   |
       |  LETTERS and INFORMATION: Our Readers                |


Philip S. Holzman, Ph.D. died on June 1, 2004 at the age of 82 in
Boston. He suffered a stroke after surgery.

Dr. Holzman was a highly respected psychologist and researcher at
Harvard University and the founder and director of the McLean Hospital
Psychology Research Laboratory. He held the Esther and Sidney R. Rabb
Professorship and became professor emeritus in 1992. Dr Holzman was a
member of the Institute of Medicine of the National Academy of
Sciences, the Communications Secretary of the American Academy of Arts
and Sciences, and a member of the Scientific Council of the National
Alliance for Research on Schizophrenia and Depression.

In his study of schizophrenic patients, Dr. Holzman observed that some
patients and their healthy relatives both showed problems in visually
following moving objects. He noted that studying this phenomenon could
provide clues about what types of genes put people at risk for the
illness and changed the way that scientists study schizophrenia. It
established the disease as a brain disorder. Dr. Holzman also studied
the characteristic misuse of language by schizophrenics.

One of the 15 founders of the FMSF Scientific and Professional
Advisory Board, Dr. Holzman believed that resolution of the repressed
memory phenomenon will be brought about "by the exposure of
exploitative therapies," and careful research into the nature of
memory and the effects of abuse.

/                                                                    \
| "As our memories are fading, they're becoming more and more        |
| vulnerable to being contaminated or distorted through leading      |
| questions or talking to other people or coercive interrogations."  |
|                                                                    |
|                                                   Elizabeth Loftus |
|                            Quoted in Alexander, D. (2004, July 17) |
|                                              Limitations of memory |
|                                                  Vancouver Sun, C2 |


AUSTRALIA: The Health Services Commissioner of the Victorian
government will conduct an investigation into the practice of
repressed memory therapy. The investigation is the result of a barrage
of requests from affected families and will examine the scientific
literature and the extent of the problem. The Commissioner said that
it is easy to install a false memory in someone and the practice of
repressed memory therapy deserved to be the subject of an inquiry.

                                Concerns over repressed memory therapy
                                                       (2004, July 23)
                                                 Sydney Morning Herald
 (Retrieved from 
                                                    on July 23, 2004.)

CANADA: A Toronto family doctor was found guilty of misconduct by the
College of Physicians and Surgeons on August 5, 2004 after a long and
highly publicized hearing. The College discipline panel was highly
critical of Dr. Alan Abelsohn for using controversial therapy
treatments in which he was not trained. The doctor had let a
delusional woman dictate her own psychotherapy and sessions became
increasingly bizarre. Recovered memories were one aspect of therapy.
Although sympathy was expressed for both the doctor and the patient,
Dr. Brian Hoffman commented:

  "The doctor's the doctor. He had therapeutic choices to make, and if
  he makes the wrong choice, that doesn't make him the victim."

                   MD guilty of misconduct; sentencing set for October
                                                      (2004, August 6)
                                                    Globe and Mail, A7

In January 2004, the British Columbia College of Psychologists
resolved a complaint brought by an FMS family. The psychologist
submitted his resignation as a registered psychologist from the
College. Among the findings were that the psychologist had provided a
professional opinion about past abuse without a thorough assessment or
checking external sources.

UNITED KINGDOM: In July, 2004, a judge dismissed the lawsuit of James
Fairlie [1] against the therapist and hospital he claimed had
implanted false memories in his daughter. Fairlie's suit was the first
case of its kind in the UK. Fairlie, a former Scottish political
leader, was accused of sadistic sexual abuse by his daughter who later
retracted her charges. The case was dismissed because neither the
hospital nor the doctor had a duty of care to Mr. Fairlie. The judge

  "It goes without saying that if . . . the psychiatrist made the
  diagnosis which it is said he did, and it was one reached carelessly
  and without proper investigation, [Fairlie's] concern to seek
  redress is wholly understandable."

Mr. Fairlie said he was disappointed but, "it reinforces my intent to
petition the Scottish Parliament to have a look at the whole situation
as regards duty of care to third parties by health authorities, social
work departments, and so on."

  [1] See FMSF Newsletter, 9 (5), September/October 2000, for a
  description of the Fairlie suit.

NETHERLANDS: On June 10, 2004, the Minister of Health sent a brief to
the Parliament in support of the report "Dubious Memories." (See
May/June FMSF Newsletter.) In addition, the Minister stated that he
has asked the professional mental health organizations to produce a
general information pamphlet stating the methodology and effectiveness
of the diverse and alternative practices available. The Minister
stated that he does not consider it the task of the government to
provide support to persons who as a result of any psychotherapy came
to accept repressed or recovered memories of incest. The Minister
commented that the report "Dubious Memories" was produced because of
complaints of the Workgroup Fictive Memories, the Dutch FMS group.


In 2003, a woman in Toledo, Ohio, came forward claiming that as a
child she had been sexually and physically abused for years by
Catholic priests during satanic rituals. One of the priests she named
was Rev. Gerald Robinson, 66-years-old. The woman said that she had
been placed in a coffin filled with cockroaches, had been penetrated
with a snake, had participated in killing an infant, and had committed
other horrific acts. No evidence was presented. Perhaps as a result of
pressure from groups representing people abused by clergy, the police
decided to reopen a 24-year-old murder case in which Rev. Robinson had
been questioned.

In 1980, a 71-year-old nun was strangled and stabbed in what was
described as a ritualistic killing. Unfortunately, rescue workers
seriously compromised the crime scene when they tried to save the nun.
At the time, Rev. Gerald Robinson was questioned because he had worked
closely with the nun, and he was one of the few people near the spot
of the murder. There were a number of leads at the time but there was
never enough evidence to bring charges against anyone, and the case
remained unsolved.

Since 1980, new forensic investigative techniques have been developed.
Police used blood spatter analysis not available in 1980, and they
believe that they can use "blood transfer patterns" to solve the case.
(According to Toledo Blade articles, this involves transferring the
picture of the blood to a surface that they can study.)

On April 25, 2004, Rev. Robinson was arrested for the murder of the
nun. The Diocese has placed Rev. Robinson on leave of absence. The
authorities have said that although they could not substantiate the
woman's allegations of ritual abuse, her mention of Robinson spurred
police to reopen the nun's slaying. Ray Vetter, retired deputy Toledo
police chief who was in charge of the detective bureau in 1980 stated:
"I'm happy an arrest was made. If he's the right man, I hope they get
a conviction. I hope they have more evidence than we had."

Johnson Thebes, Rev. Robinson's attorney said: "There's a reason these
cases are cold and sit for 24 years? because the evidence is not good
to begin with. I've had two of these so-called `cold cases' before,
and they both ended in acquittal."

                                                    Erb, R. & Hall, C. 
                                                      (2004, April 24)
                               Priest accused of murdering nun in 1980
                                                   Toledo Blade, p. A1

                                                             Yonke, D.
                                                      (2004, April 25)
                                    Allegations renew nun's death case
                                                   Toledo Blade, p. A1

                                                             Yonke, D.
                                                      (2004, April 28)
             Toledo Diocese priest put on leave; review set for claims
                                                   Toledo Blade, p. A1

                                                               Erb, R. 
                                                      (2004, April 29) 
                        Altar cloth in hallway may expose nun's killer
                                                   Toledo Blade, p. A1

                                 Hearings into death of nun continuing
                                                       (2004, July 14)
                                                   Toledo Blade, p. B3

     McIntyre, R.B., Lord, C.G., Lewis, S.J. & Frye, G.D. (2004).
	     False memories of attitude-relevant actions.
		  Social Cognition, 21(6), 395-420.

Because people sometimes remember doing things that they only
imagined, it is possible that attitudes might be influenced by false
memories. The authors tested this hypothesis using 131 undergraduate
students in two experiments. In the first experiment, participants
reported their attitudes and chose from a list of all the attitude-
relevant actions they had ever taken toward gay men. In an "unrelated"
experiment a week later, they wrote imaginary stories in which they
performed both remembered and imaginary actions. One week after that,
they again reported their attitudes and chose from the action list
again. Results showed that the more of the imaginary actions subjects
later remembered, the more they changed their attitudes in the
direction of the actions. Attitude change occurred only for the target
group, and only when participants imagined themselves (not another
person) performing the actions. False memories can bias the
conclusions that people draw about themselves.

			 Neimark, J. (2004).
		       Discover, 25(8), 73-77.

This article is an excellent review of current research about
recovered memories. It opens with: "A growing body of evidence
indicates that memory is deeply unreliable and that life-shattering
events cannot be buried for years and then winched out of the deep
waters of the subconscious."

Author Jill Neimark notes that the ferocity of the memory wars stems
from the fact that there is no definitive evidence for claims that
memories can actually be inaccessible for years and then accurately
recovered. She observes, however, that people who believe that they
have recovered memories of past abuse are "tremendously convincing"
and often offer "striking and terrifying" clarity and details. The
memories can "forever alter lives."

The article includes extensive descriptions of work by Loftus,
McNally, Clancy, and others. It answers questions related to recovered
memories. For example, are there any particular characteristics of
people who believe they have recovered memories? Richard McNally,
whose has studied people who believe they have been abducted by space
aliens, said that these people "who are on all other measures sane and
healthy individuals, are more vulnerable to false memories" because of
a trait called absorption. They score higher on measures of fantasy
and absorption, which is the ability to get lost in daydreams or be
utterly entranced by a sunset. Other research has shown that people's
ability to imagine can be so great that they actually develop delayed
post- traumatic stress disorder in the absence of remembered traumas.
Discussing the needs of future research, Neimark quotes Susan Clancy:
"If we are storytellers, even inaccurate ones, how does that serve us?
What has been missing from all the theories of false memory, is the
desire for meaning. I think psychologists are tone deaf to this. It's
a very important ideological factor in the development of any belief."
"Are Recovered Memories Real?" is an article that can be usefully
given to people to help them understand the recovered memory

/                                                                    \
| 			    Correction                               |
| 	    Last month we did not print the full title               |
| 		   of the book mentioned below                       |
|                                                                    |
| We humans love stories, as we are constantly reinventing and       |
| recasting the narrative of our lives. Sometimes such stories are   |
| beautiful reminders of our fragile humanity and need for one       |
| another. Yet other stories can inspire misguided, bloody crusades  |
| or family rifts based on "recovered memories" of abuse that never  |
| occurred.                                                          |
|                                   Mark Pendergrast (2004, June 13) |
|                   Books: A cerebral study of human brain's wonders |
|        Review: An Alchemy of Mind: Marvel and Mystery of the Brain |
|                                                  by Diane Ackerman |
|                                Atlanta Journal-Constitution, p. 4M |

	    Porter, S., Birt, A., and Spencer, L. (2003).
      Blinded by emotion? Effect of the emotionality of a scene
		 on susceptibility to false memories.
       Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science, 35(3), 165-175.

Previous research has investigated misinformation effects on memory
without considering the emotionality of the witnessed scene. This
research showed that participants who had witnessed a highly negative
emotional scene were twice as likely to recall seeing the major
misinformation than those in both the neutral or positive groups. The
authors note that interviewers should be particularly careful when
questioning witnesses of crimes, as they could be vulnerable to the
effects of misleading information.

McNally, R.J, Lasko, N.B, Clancy, S.A., Macklin, M.L., Pitman, R.K. &
			  Orr, S.P. (2004).
Psychophysiological responding during script-driven imagery in people
		 reporting abduction by space aliens.
		Psychological Science 15(7), 493-497.

Persons who believe that they have been traumatized in abductions by
space aliens show similar emotional responses to people who have
suffered other traumas such as in combat. Abductees were measured for
psychophysiological responses as they listened to abduction stories and
they showed greater reactions compared to control participants. "The
(abducted) person really believes something happened, but that doesn't
necessarily mean it did," said Richard McNally

"The people have likely experienced sleep paralysis and the
hallucinations that accompany it during the transition from sleep to
wakefulness. This phenomenon of sleep paralysis has been reported
throughout history. Many people would interpret such events as `seeing a
ghost,' or an angel, or spectral images of witches."

The study reflects the emotional significance of a memory, not
necessarily its veracity.

/                                                                    \
| Episodic memory is vulnerable to distortion. While memory can      |
| recall concrete facts even if they are long forgotten, thoughts    |
| and images can also be generated without any actual sensory        |
| input. This means memory can create a fictional event so precise   |
| it merges indistinguishably with reality. Psychologists Marcia     |
| Johnson, Beth Loftus, Roddy Roediger, Kathleen McDermott have      |
| demonstrated that perfectly healthy, intelligent people sometimes  |
| remember events that never happened, or remember events as real    |
| even if these events were only imagined earlier.                   |
|                                                      Endel Tulving |
|                    Jaffe, E. (2004). Memory and cultural evolution |
|      Description of the 16th Annual APS Convention keynote address |
|                                             given by Endel Tulving |
|                                               Observer, 17(8), 9-1 |

				Part I
			  Jennifer Anderson

Sibilant whispering rose from the people on the bench behind me. I
glanced backward at them, uneasily aware of their closeness, unsure of
their intentions. They were an eclectic group, ages ranging from
mid-twenties to fifties. One older professional couple in particular
seemed to have stepped right out of instructing a college classroom.
They fell silent when my eyes turned their way. This row of people
behind me was there in support of my sister, Linda. It was the year
1998. We were in the King County Courthouse, Washington State,
awaiting the beginning of a hearing that would determine whether or
not my sister would be granted the protection of a restraining order
against our mother, Joanne.

My youngest brother, Craig, sat next to me. My mother was seated at a
table in front of me, to the left, with her attorney. Also in front of
me, to the right, was my sister, Linda. I hadn't seen her in many
years. She looked much the same, but thinner than I remembered, and
older. Her face was worn. I studied my sister from my vantage point
almost directly in back of her. Linda never turned her head to
acknowledge me, although she must have felt my gaze. She was so close
that I could have reached out and touched her, but I didn't dare.
Something was very wrong with her. Linda vibrated with tension, her
hands nervously moving on the tabletop. The woman seated next to her
leaned over and spoke softly with Linda, apparently reassuring my
sister. She looked completely stressed out, teetering on the ragged
edge of some unknown disaster. I studied my sister's profile,
committing it to memory. I was afraid that this would be the last time
that I would see Linda.

The restraining order hearing began. The judge and my mother's
attorney sorted through many declarations written by Linda's friends,
supporting her desire for a restraining order. Linda, with the help of
the attorney general's office, was well-prepared for the hearing. We,
on the other hand, were almost completely unprepared. My mother,
brother, and I, after flying in from different residences across the
country, were about to be broadsided by accusations ranging from
kidnapping and torture to murder. We had no idea what Linda was about
to say.

The following excerpts are taken verbatim, as recorded by the court
recorder present in the session, from the official court transcript of
that restraining order hearing. Names have been changed to protect the
privacy of all parties involved. This account is about my sister, but
it is also about a social phenomenon that has affected thousands of
innocent families across the United States. I wish to fully protect
Linda's privacy in this accounting. In this excerpt, my mother's
attorney is questioning Linda. (As recorded in the Superior Court of
the State of Washington for King County.):

  Q: Ms. _____, are the statements in your petition regarding your
  mother's committing physical and sexual abuse and drugging of people
  and murdering of people true?  A: What do you mean by that?

  Q: You don't understand the question?

  A: Yeah. I mean, in the eyes of the court, is that truth? Or is it
  -- do I believe that that's true? Do I have remembering -- do I
  remember that?

  Q: Are those incidents that you say occurred --

  A: Yeah, they did occur, definitely.

  Q: Okay. Who was murdered?

  A: I don't know the names of the people. I could -- if I decide at
  some point to take this to a criminal case, then I would give a
  detective details about what I remember, what they looked like,
  where these things happened.

  Q: Did they happen in the home?

  A: There is a lot of different places where cults do their
  activities. Many places. Sometimes it's in homes.  Sometimes it's in
  churches. Sometimes it's in fields by people's homes. Sometimes it's
  ... funeral homes are a big place. Many different places where they
  do these types of activities. And I believe that my family has done
  them in many of these different types of places.

  Q: Is it your belief that members of your family have been members
  of a cult that committed this kind of behavior?

  A: Uh-huh.

  Q: Your answer is yes?

  A: Yeah, sure, they are...

The questions continued. My sister, under oath, responded:

  Q: In August of '89, did you have a telephone conversation with your
  mother in which you asked her whether you were abused as a child?

  A: I don't remember asking my mother if I was abused as a child.

  Q: When you reported this to the Florida officers, were you in any
  kind of mental health therapy at that time?

  A: Yeah, I was getting counseling, which is actually a very healthy
  reaction to this kind of a thing. It's what people do to try to
  recover from it...

  Q: Can you -- can you give us at least the year, if not the month,
  but the -- in a time frame of when you started having memories of
  the things that ended up in your petition?

  A: Well, I actually started having signs that people have when they
  have been severely abused when I was age 23, when I started -- I
  went through treatment at that time for being a child of an
  alcoholic. And during that time I actually started having dreams and
  nightmares that were related to this. But at -- but nothing more
  came of it at that time, because basically I don't think I was ready
  to deal with the full impact of it. Healing from this kind of thing
  is something that takes so much strength and courage, and it's very,
  very difficult, and it's not something that is done very easily at
  all, and people have to be very ready to do that kind of work.

  Q: So it's about age 23 when this... these memories started to
  coalesce, is that --

  A: No, that's just when I started having some of the things come up

  Q: Okay.

  A: -- that would be considered related to it.

  Q: Okay.

  A: I didn't have specific of the details of the worst type -- I
  mean, at that time they knew I had been abused, if that's what
  you're talking about. The therapist knew.

  Q: Here's what I'm trying to focus on. How many years had gone by
  between the last incident of abuse by your mother and the time at
  your age 23?

  A: Actually, I recall being abused at the last time at age 22.

  Q: Okay. So you were in college then?

  A: I was in college. They were having a -- okay. Do you really want
  to hear? Okay.

  THE COURT: It sounds like that's what he's asking.

  A: Okay. I was in college, and my sister had just gotten married to
  her husband, and what happened was that they were having a big 50th
  wedding anniversary for my grandparents, and they had -- they made
  it very clear that I was to come without my fiancé at the time,
  and that everyone else was going to be there. So I went there alone,
  and there was a ritual that occurred, and what happened was I left
  at some point in the middle of it because I realized that they were
  going to kill somebody, and it was terrifying to me. So I left, and
  actually three of them chased me, and tried to get me to go back.
  And my, my ... anyway, it was a very terrifying experience. And
  that's one of the reasons I'm so terrified of them, because I know
  that they try to kidnap people. And they do kidnap people.

Linda's accusations that our family belonged to a cult confused me. My
mother was worried that Linda was in a cult, not the other way
around. I remembered the 50th wedding anniversary that Linda was
talking about. My grandparents had celebrated it some time ago,
turning their wedding anniversary into a family reunion, where members
of our family had come from all over the country. It had taken place
in a country club in Massachusetts and had been fun. I remember
thinking while Linda was testifying, "She's confused it somehow.
Linda's mixed up the 50th wedding anniversary in Massachusetts with
our other grandfather's 75th birthday celebration that took place in
Minnesota." Her fiance had not gone to the Minnesota event. Of course,
no one was killed or hurt at either event. Both celebrations were
standard fare family reunions. How weird. How could Linda be saying
this?  The judge next clarified some points:

  Q: Okay. And, Ms. _____, maybe your mother's attorney was going to
  ask this but didn't have time to. But do you recall your mother ever
  physically abusing you as a child?  

  A: Yes.

  Q: Okay. Do you have specific recollection of one event or more than

  A: Well, I remember my mother sexually abusing me many times with
  some of her feminist friends. Then I remember my mother cutting -- I
  don't know if -- was it her that cut on me?  She was involved with a
  group of people when they were cutting on me. I have scars on my
  body from when they cut on me.

  THE COURT: Okay. Ms. _____, you may step down now...

Linda's questioning ended. My mother was called to the stand. The
whispering behind me started again, with my mother as the target. I
bristled in my mother's defense. I was a mass of nerves, not believing
or comprehending half of what my sister was charging our mother with.
I was trying to take notes of what was said. Later, when I looked back
at the notes I had written, I saw that the words were all slanted
backwards compared to my usual handwriting. That's how stressful the
situation was. The attorney questioned my mother, yet she directed all
of her responses to Linda, who had resumed her seat behind her table.
Mom was trying, with the truth, to break through Linda's confusion,
and let Linda glimpse what was real. It didn't help:

  Q: Other than Linda's 1998 declaration filed in this court with her
  petition accusing you of various misconduct, have you ever in your
  life been accused of either physically or sexually abusing children,
  drugging people, or committing murders?

  A: No.

  Q: Your Honor, I have two declarations that I have given copies of
  to the petitioner that I would like added to the record. They're
  sworn declarations by the police chiefs of _____, Minnesota, and
  _____, Massachusetts, concerning the lack of any indication in their
  records of any such investigations...

  Q: From your perspective, Joanne, did you have a healthy
  relationship with your daughter throughout her infancy and

  A: Yes.

  Q: And did you have a healthy relationship with her through her
  young adulthood, at least into the '80s?

  A: Yes. She's a wonderful person, and I love her very much.

  Q: Now, Joanne, when did you first realize or how did you -- and how
  did you first learn that there was something wrong with the
  relationship between you and Linda?

  A: She called me in 1989 and asked me, it was a -- she hadn't called
  me for a while, and she called me, and she said, "Mom, was I abused
  as a child?" And I said, "No, you couldn't have been. You would have
  told me." Because as a child, when something happened like that, she
  always came to me and asked me about it. And so then she changed the
  subject, and I didn't know what was -- you'know, she was talking
  about. She didn't elaborate.

  Q: At some time after August of '89, did Linda in some way
  communicate to you that she didn't want any contact with you?

  A: I became very concerned because I hadn't had any -- hadn't heard
  from her for quite some time. Because those postcards and notes and
  things and, you know, cards, they go right up to '89, and then they
  abruptly stop. And I just thought something's wrong. And I called
  her up. I believe I called her on her telephone, and I said -- or I
  wrote her something. I don't remember. And I told her I was coming
  to Florida to see her. And I got this little short letter back from
  her that says, "Joanne, we do not want to see you. If you come,we
  won't talk to you," something like that. "You are not welcome."

  Q: Who is the we?

  A: We was Linda and David (David was Linda's husband at the
  time). It was signed "Linda and David." And, of course, I didn't
  know what on earth that was about.

  Q: What did you do?

  A: I went to Florida anyway. I stayed at a motel. I left her
  messages on her answering machine saying I was there, if she wanted
  to see me, I would be happy to see her. And I never went -- I knew
  where she lived but I never went there. I figured that this is
  something -- she was angry with me for some reason, and she could
  come to me if she wanted to. And I finally left. She never called me
  back, never said one word, and I did not go anywhere near her

My mother's testimony continued:

  Q: Did you receive additional information from your son Michael?

  A: Yes.

  Q: And did he tell you that Linda had claimed to him that abuse had
  been rampant in the family?

  A: Yes.

  Q: Did he tell you that Linda told him that he, Michael, needed to
  have enhanced memory therapy so that he could remember?

  A: Memory enhancement therapy, yes...

  Q: So after you got that information in March or April of '97, did
  you come to Washington?

  A: Yes, I did. I was extremely concerned. I was -- my daughter had
  disappeared. She was not communicating. She just, you know, never
  called. She never wrote us. She just disappeared off the face of the

  Q: So you came to Washington just a little over a year ago?

  A: Yes.

  Q: Okay. And was your purpose in coming to gather information?

  A: My purpose was to find out if my daughter was even still alive. I
  was scared to death. And information, yes, as to whether or not she
  was healthy and alive.

  Q: Did you have any contact with Linda on that visit?

  A: No.

  Q: Is it your testimony that your motivation was entirely your love
  and concern for your daughter's welfare?

  A: I love Linda very much. I have never harmed her in my life. I
  love her very, very much. And I don't know what else to say to her.

  Q: Did your anxiety about your daughter's welfare increase when you
  became aware of the Heaven's Gates suicides in San Diego?

  A: When they had not identified the last four bodies, I was scared
  to death Linda was one of them. [Witness crying.] It just -- I
  thought, I have let her stay away from me too long, and it -- she
  might be one of those bodies. And to have my daughter come back to
  me in a coffin would be the most horrible thing to happen to me in
  my life. I have never abused her. I have never cut her.

  [Kleenex handed to the witness.] Thank you, Craig...

  Q: Were you involved in any ritualistic abuse in Minnesota at
  somebody's 50th anniversary?  A: No, I was not...

The hearing ended with an issuance of a lifetime restraining order
against my mother, as my sister wished:

  THE COURT: The restraint against your contact with your daughter
  will be permanent. It will cover any physical contacts with the
  daughter. Any correspondence whatsoever, whether it is directed to
  the daughter or sent to an intermediary with a request that it be
  sent to the daughter. Any telephonic communications. Any
  communications with the University of _____, where the petitioner is
  currently a student. Any communications with any past -- any
  members of the petitioner's former husband's family, not initiated
  by them. Any communications with past employers of the petitioner or
  any future employers. Any -- I think that's sufficient.

  JOANNE: I'm 61 years old, your Honor. I'll be 86 at the end of this
  restraining order. You have more or less --

  THE COURT: I'm not making it for 25 years. I'm just making it

  JOANNE: Permanent?

Yes, permanent. My sister sobbed with relief upon hearing the judge's
words. Her friends surrounded her for a moment, offering
congratulations. I wanted to approach Linda. My mother's attorney had
cautioned us to not talk to her. I wish I had not heeded his advice
and talked to her anyway. Craig had moved away from Linda's supporters
to a corner of the room and was crying, his face turned to the wall. I
heard him say, "I've just lost my sister." I couldn't bear to witness
his grief and averted my eyes, pretending not to see. My gaze fell
instead on a woman who had given us friendly glances during the
hearing. She had sat close to Linda, and I believe she was the
attorney general's advocate who had helped Linda in her preparation
for the hearing. I spoke to her, as she seemed, ironically, the only
kind face in the courtroom that day. I asked, "Do you realize that not
one word of what Linda said was true?" She nodded. "Then, what's going
on? How did this happen?" Her face offered sympathy as she said, "I
don't know."

We left the courthouse completely bewildered. I was shaken to my core.
Linda's terror of us was genuine. Thoughts ran through my mind...What
happened to Linda? What is going on?

Five years passed. Linda's actions and words against my mother were so
painful that I didn't want to discuss it. But the gift of time, as it
usually does, softened the cutting edges of hurt. Humor replaced the
anger. The phone calls with my mother inevitably turned to Linda.
Nearly every weekend my mother asked me, "What are we going to do
about Linda?"  Mom joined a national organization called the False
Memory Syndrome Foundation (FMSF) for support. She needed it. My
brothers and I weren't a whole lot of help. Mom used me as a sounding
board. I willingly listened to her pour out her worries about my
sister. Our weekend conversations usually touched on her FMSF meetings
and stories about retractors, returners, perpetrators, psychotherapy,
and a book called The Courage to Heal. It sounded far-fetched to me.
Linda was an intelligent woman. How could she have been led so far
astray? How could Linda truly believe the incredible things she swore
to at the restraining order hearing? I balked at believing what my
mother endlessly repeated about False Memory Syndrome and that
dreadful book.
			  (To be continued.)

  Jennifer M. Anderson is 44-years-old. She lives and works in the
  Syracuse, NY area. To date, she has not heard from her sister.

                       L E G A L   C O R N E R

	   Former Patient Receives $5.25 Million Settlement
		    John Doe v. Rush Presbyterian
		 No. 01 L 343, Illinois Circuit Court

On June 29, 2004, a $5.25 million settlement in a psychiatric
malpractice case was reached. John Doe's malpractice lawsuit against
Paul Kachoris, M.D., Roberta Sachs, Ph.D., and Judith Peterson, Ph.D.,
claimed the doctors had engaged in dangerous treatment when they
convinced him that he was a victim of sadistic child abuse.

The doctors diagnosed John Doe with multiple personality disorder when
he was 10 years old, and he was treated for almost 2 years as a
patient in the psychiatric ward of the now-defunct Old Orchard
Hospital (in a Rush Presbyterian building) in Skokie, Illinois. The
doctors' "treatment" consisted of searching for hidden traumatic
memories. John Doe came to believe that his mother, father, and
grandparents had sexually abused him and that he had been a member of
a secret satanic cult.

According to Doe's attorney, Sachs will pay $3.125 million; Old
Orchard, $1.275 million, Peterson, $600,000; and Kachoris, $250,000

John Doe was represented by Todd A. Smith of Power, Rogers & Smith.
Roberta Sachs was represented by Richard H. Donohue of Donohue, Brown,
Mathewson & Smith. Judith Peterson was represented by Lorna E. Propes
of Propes & Kaveny LLC. Old Orchard Hospital was represented by
Nicholas Anaclerio of Ungaretti & Harris.

                                                      In circuit court
                                                       (2004, June 30)
                                      Chicago Daily Law Bulletin, p. 3

| Take notes on the spot, a note is worth a carload of recollections.|
|                                                Ralph Waldo Emerson |

		 Lawsuit Claims Therapists' Treatment
	    Caused False Memories of Satanic Ritual Abuse
		       Koppien v. Sachs et al.
	 No. 04 LA 220 Circuit Ct. 19th Judicial Circuit, IL.
			 Filed July 16, 2004.

Marsha Koppien and her two daughters have filed suit against Roberta
G. Sachs, Ph.D., Rush North Shore Medical Center, and many other
therapists and clinics, claiming that therapy caused them to believe
that they had participated in bizarre intergenerational satanic
rituals and murders. The suit also names Robert J. Simandl, who was a
Chicago police officer and self-styled expert in satanic cults and
identification of cult members. Simandl did generational mapping in
order to show that Koppien was in a transgenerational cult.

Koppien entered therapy for depression, and her children were brought
into it after several years. The complaint asserts that the therapists
failed to diagnose and treat her properly, that they used suggestive
techniques and sodium amytal interviews, and that they did not advise
her that a diagnosis of multiple personality disorder is
controversial. The complaint states that when Koppien expressed doubts
concerning the reality of the memories, therapists told her that the
doubts were "mental programs" that were embedded in her mind by cult
members who had brainwashed her. The complaint claims that "Defendants
instilled a delusional belief that satanic cults had placed cult
members in key positions in police departments, the FBI, and amongst
politicians, physicians, and attorneys" and that if Koppien went to
those organizations to tell them what she had learned during
treatment, she would be harmed or killed. (p. 50)

Koppien is represented by attorneys Zachary M. Bravos and Roger Kelly
of Wheaton, Illinois.
                                                           Schmidt, K. 
                                                        2004, July 21)
                                   Lawsuit targets therapists, clinics
                                        Northwest Herald [McHenry, IL]
                                           Retrieved July 22, 2004, at 

/                                                                    \
| "If you want to ruin somebody, just start muttering about his or   |
| her inappropriate contact with children....[A person] is innocent  |
| only until someone has a grudge against him."                      |
|                                                          Clark, R. |
|                                                    (2004, June 24) |
|               The lessons of Soham inspired by the spirit of Salem |
|                                             The Times [London], 24 |

			   Wenatchee Update
		Roberson v. Wenatchee No. 21777-9-III
   Court of Appeals of Washington, Div. 3, Panel 9. 2004 Wash, App.
		    LEXIS 1755. Filed Aug 3, 2004.

On August 3, 2004, the Washington state Court of Appeals unanimously
upheld an earlier ruling directing the city of Wenatchee to pay a
record fine of $718,000 and to restore a civil rights lawsuit over the
handling of a 1994-95 child sex abuse investigation. The sanction was
levied against the city for withholding key information about police
investigator Robert Perez from people who sued Wenatchee after they
were acquitted of child sex abuse. The Court said that the violation
was "substantial."

The law firm of Van Siclen & Stocks represents the people who have
sued the city: Pastor Robert Roberson and his wife Connie and their
daughter; Jonathan and Honnah Sims and their son; and Donna Rodriguez
and her daughter. The city of Wenatchee intends to appeal the decision
to the state Supreme Court.
                                                            Barber, M.
                                                      (2004, August 4)
 Wenatchee must pay $718,000 in sanctions over abuse case, court rules
                                        Seattle Post-Intelligencer, B1

      | To improve your memory, lend people money. Who Knows? |

                   F R O M   O U R   R E A D E R S
		       The Key to Our Solution

Although our situation has turned out well, it is still hard to talk
or write about it. I can feel the tears welling up even now.

I'm writing to request that you remove us from your mailing list and
to thank you for keeping us on it so faithfully for so long. I also
want to relate a few tidbits in case they might help someone else. As
you read this, keep in mind that our daughter was only 14 at the time
our problems began and that we were dealing with custody issues along
with everything else.

Our troubles began about 10 years ago. During the past 5 years, our
daughter has recanted, married, and had two children. We now have a
very good relationship although it is still strained from her guilt
and my inability to know exactly what to say. However, we have the
rest of our lives to work that out.

The key to our solution was getting our daughter out of the mental
health system and into the hands of people who loved her. In our case,
her grandparents were willing to house her, so we took her from the
hospital (with doctors threatening to have us arrested and prosecuted
for child abuse) and moved her to Grandma's. My dad is one of the
all-time great parents and seemed always to know exactly how to handle
our daughter without pushing her further away. In 1999, we began
speaking and healing. In retrospect, I believe that if we had put our
daughter with her grandparents a year earlier, we would have avoided
about 90 percent of our problems. The moral, as I see it, is to put
your pride aside and to not be afraid to ask family and friends for
help if it is available. The medical/psychology industry is a
commercial enterprise. They are not your friends, and I do not think
that their first priority is your child. Their first priority is to
make money and, in my opinion, you and your problems are a distant

I read a lot about this issue at the time -- everything I could find.
The Internet is much more developed now, so use it. Start with Richard
Ofshe. Stay away from some of the Christian sites. Getting an
education allowed me to 1) communicate with our attorney and help
guide our interaction with the court from a position of intelligence;
2) take a long-term view and focus less on the daily frustrations; 3)
not be surprised by the daily stuff we encountered because I knew what
to expect; and 4) ask poorly-trained doctors questions that they could
not answer, which helped support our requests to the court.

In hindsight, I would have been much more aggressive with our enemies,
including the people in the Department of Human Services who seemed to
have no clue what they were doing. Enemies also included my daughter's
court-appointed attorney, numerous doctors and psychologists who hurt
our family more than they helped, and even my own attorney who was too
wishy-washy because he probably didn't completely understand what we
were dealing with. If I were starting again, I would find a very
aggressive lawyer. I would also get right in the face of anybody in
our way. Of course, when we were going through this, we were afraid to
push things any harder for fear of losing communication completely and
for fear of pushing our daughter over the edge.

When our daughter made her accusations, it was the darkest time of my
life. Without the support of the people at the Springfield FMS group,
I don't know that I would have made it. Just knowing that I was not
the only one, knowing that there were other people who knew exactly
how I felt helped me tremendously. I don't think even my parents and
my wife ever fully understood the situation, but the other fathers at
the FMS meetings did understand. I could not place a value on that
understanding if my life depended on it, which it did. I know how
bleak things can look at times. I've been at the bottom. Although it
is true that some situations may never resolve, mine did. You never
know what God's plan is. Just remember how long Abraham had to wait
for a son. There is always hope. And there is always someone else who
knows how you

Good luck to you all,
                                          Proud parent and grandparent

			Where Is the Outrage?

In responding to the editorial in the last newsletter, I think the
lack of outrage is there because of how the public perceives the
problem. All the effort poured into bringing child abuse to light over
the years has had both a positive and a negative effect. On one other
hand, real abuse is taken seriously, and children are helped. On the
other, our society is more inclined to believe someone is guilty when
charges and claims are made against them -- especially if they involve
children. It seems people would rather err on the side of children and
consequently have less outrage for a wrongfully charged adult.

At the same time this attitude empowers women's and children's
"advocates" to engage in unethical therapies and makes them somewhat
bulletproof to scientific studies and peer groups that take exception
to what they are doing. Science can be dull compared to the emotional
outrage that abuse therapies can stir up in the public.

I think the answer to "where is the outrage" lies in re-defining the
abuse in terms the public will understand. Educate the public about
what these unethical therapies really are: emotional incest visited on
an unsuspecting victim -- the patient. If the therapy embeds incest in
the mind of a patient/victim who was not sexually abused, the incest
memory still remains and is no less a violation of that person's very
being. This will immediately take away the perceived "high ground" on
which some therapists now seem to be standing. Only when unethical
therapists are viewed as abusers themselves will the public outrage
work to the advantage of patients abused by them and the innocent
people who were wrongfully accused.
                                                       A concerned dad

 Have We Begun to Reassess Our Views Toward the False Memory Crisis?

I refer, approvingly, to the essay by Spencer Harris Morfit and the
letter from Fighting Dad in the July/August newsletter. Both offer a
shift in the prevailing wisdom that has guided the FMS Foundation's
position since its inception. For 15 years that position has cast
repressed-memory therapists in the role of villain, our accusing
daughters and sons as "victims," and accused fathers and mothers as
innocent bystanders who got hit when the you-know-what hit the fan.

Here's a different scenario: Instead of viewing the accusing daughter
as the "victim," let's see her for what she is: willing co-conspirator
who, along with a smug therapist, has intentionally made her father or
mother the scapegoat for her personal problems. That being the case,
it's sensible to say to her: "You made your decision so ...good
                                              A not-so-grieving father

/                                                                    \
| Our relationship with daughter continues in a wonderful way -- but |
| still no retraction.                                               |
|                                                              A mom |


I am glad Ms. Morfit raised the issue of responsibility. It would seem
that when we, as parents, are faced with accusations of abuse from a
child, it is easier to put all the blame on the therapists. To
acknowledge that our daughter (or son) played some part in this
terrible pain is driving the sword in even deeper. In Suggestions of
Abuse, Dr. Michael Yapko mentions four reasons why people confabulate
and accept false memories. He says that sometimes it happens because
of "hostility toward the accused for perceived injustices unrelated to
abuse." I believe that is part of what happened in our family. Our
daughter was 18, angry and rebellious. She did not want to admit that
a boyfriend had rejected her, I believe, and so took the popular way
at that time of blaming us for her problems. She got in deeper than
she wished and would not admit her therapist's suggestions were wrong.

We live in an age of conformity in clothing, in music, in thought. We
are tolerant of what is politically correct and have lost our ability
to think critically. As Ms. Morfit says, we even surrender "all
self-sovereignty over something as personal as one's own memories and
history to a therapist." I don't believe that is the case for all
incidences of false accusations, but it may be a factor in many. We
need to help our children in Canada and the States to know what they
believe and be able to defend it rather than just accepting everything
they are told.
                                                                 A mom
		       Consequences of Choices

I have just read Spencer Harris Morfit's essay on personal
responsibility in the last newsletter. I agree that, as a client, I am
ultimately responsible for managing my illness. But in my specific
situation, my illness is biologically based. When I have a relapse of
symptoms, sometimes I become psychotic. Thus, I need some supportive
people I can trust to "think for me" so that I do not act out of
irrational thought processes. Fortunately, I have such support. But
for 10 years I had no support, so the bind I was in had no solution.
Like most people with this type of illness, I want to be as healthy as
possible. I work hard every day to maintain this goal but sometimes my
symptoms undermine my desire to work at maintaining my health.

Perhaps clients can form support systems, if not in our own community
then by contacting others with similar illnesses, thus taking
responsibility by supporting one another. As clients, we need to form
a coalition to advocate for change so that bad therapy is discredited.

I admit, some clients do not want to take responsibility for their
treatment. Unfortunately, they will suffer the consequences of this
choice. We cannot change their choice to remain dependent upon
therapists who practice damaging therapy. We can only continue to
support organizations like the FMSF. We can only offer help and
prayers for those who suffer because of this choice.

I truly believe that most of us want to be healthy and independent.
For some of us, the realities of our illness sometimes prevent us from
making responsible choices about treatment.
                                                         Claudia Dabbs
			   Cures Everything

My husband and I were in a hotel in Salt Lake City where we saw a sign
for a Rapid Eye Movement (REM) seminar. The sign said, "Rapid Eye
Certification. In the spirit of gratitude, we call forth lightworkers
NOW who choose to embrace planetary evolution through the gifts of
Rapid Eye Technology (RET). We provide an environment for positive
changes through unconditional love, honor, education, and community."
The program was run by Ranae Johnson, claiming to be the founder of
REM, at RET Institute in Salem Oregon. A lady in the hall was selling
essential oils perfumes from a tray. The web address is: The web site claims that RET cures almost

The last newsletter was correct when it said that in the therapy world
Caveat Emptor (Buyer Beware) is the rule.
                                                                 A mom

/                                                                    \
| If I simply refrain from making a judgment in cases where I do not |
| perceive the truth with sufficient clarity and distinctness, then  |
| it is clear that I am behaving correctly and avoiding error. But   |
| if in such cases I either affirm or deny, then I am not using my   |
| free will correctly. If I go for the alternative which is false,   |
| then obviously I shall be in error; if I take the other side, then |
| it is by pure chance that I arrive at the truth, and I shall still |
| be at fault since it is clear by the natural light that the        |
| perception of the intellect should always precede the              |
| determination of the will.                                         |
|                               Descartes, Meditations, AT 11: 59-60 |

*                           N O T I C E S                            *
*                                                                    *
*                       Illinois-Wisconsin                           *
*                     FMS Society Conference                         *
*                Sunday, October 3, 2004, 1-5 pm                     *
*                  Falk Pavilion, Milwaukee, WI                      *
*                                                                    *
* A representative of the Wisconsin Innocence Project will speak on  *
* the topic:                                                         *
*                                                                    *
*                    "WRONGFUL PROSECUTIONS:                         *
*  How they come about, how they are sustained and how the Patriot   *
*                   Act contributes to them."                        *
*                                                                    *
* Also ---                                                           *
* o  A parent panel:                                                 *
*   "Waltzing with the Elephant"?                                    *
* various viewpoints and strategies for dealing with your children   *
* o  A recanter answers questions                                    *
* o  Round tables                                                    *
*                                                                    *
* $20 per person including a box supper at the conclusion of the     *
* conference.                                                        *
*                                                                    *
*                 For more information, contact:                     *
*                   Bill Lanz at 815-724-6473                        *
*                        (                            *
*                                                                    *
*                        HUNGRY FOR MONSTERS                         *
*                       A documentary film by                        *
*                        George Paul Csicsery                        *
*                                                                    *
* When 15-year-old Nicole Althaus told a teacher that her father was *
* molesting her, the quiet affluent Pittsburgh suburb of Mt.         *
* Lebanon, Pennsylvania, was turned inside out. Nicole's father,     *
* Rick, was arrested and charged with sexually abusing Nicole amidst *
* bizarre satanic rituals.  With the support of her favorite         *
* teacher, police, therapists, social workers, and officers of the   *
* court, all of whom believed her stories, Nicole began to embellish *
* her initial accusations. As she recovered more memories of wild    *
* orgies, sacrificed babies, and murder, more people were arrested,  *
* including her mother and a pair of strangers.                      *
*                                                                    *
* A year later, all charges were dropped, and Nicole admitted that   *
* her accusations were false. After Nicole and her parents           *
* reconciled, they sued the authorities. This time, Nicole claimed   *
* she was the victim of abuse perpetrated by the very people who had *
* supported her allegations against her parents.                     *
*                                                                    *
*                        Ordering Information                        *
*                                                                    *
* The introductory VHS price is $195.00 to universities/libraries/   *
* institutions and $39.00 to individuals for home use. Add $5.00 for *
* shipping.                                                          *
*                          George Csicsery                           *
*                          P.O. Box 22833,                           *
*                      Oakland, CA 94609-9284.                       *
*                         Fax 510-429-9273.                          *
*                    Email:                    *
*                                                                    *
*        There will be a screening of this film in Pittsburgh        *
*                    on Tuesday November 9, 2004.                    *
*       Call the FMSF office in October for time and location.       *
*                                                                    *
*                12th International Conference of the                *
*                        National Child Abuse                        *
*                     Defense & Resource Center                  *
*                      CHILD ABUSE ALLEGATIONS                       *
*                    Separating Fact from Fiction                    *
*                         Las Vegas, Nevada                          *
*                        October 14-16, 2004                         *
*                                                                    *
* Conference for attorneys, investigators, and other concerned       *
* professionals who deal with child abuse cases.                     *
*                                                                    *
* Conference Faculty                                                 *
*                                                                    *
* ATTORNEYS: Bruce Lyons, J.D.; Gail Benson, J.D.; Steve Glassroth,  *
* J.D.; Mary Lynn Belsher, J.D.                                      *
* MENTAL HEALTH EXPERTS: Elizabeth Loftus, Ph.D.; Richard Ofshe,     *
* Ph.D.; Debra Poole, Ph.D.; Phillip Esplin, Ed.D.; Melvin Guyer,    *
* Ph.D., J.D.; Margaret-Ellen Pipe, Ph.D.                            *
* PRIVATE INVESTIGATION: Gary Ermoian.                               *
* BIOMECHANICS: Faris Bandak, Ph.D. Medical Experts: Steven Guetin,  *
* M.D.; John Plunkett. M.D.; Ronald Uscinski, M.D.; Anthony Shaw,    *
* M.D.; Piero Rinaldo, M.D., Ph.D.                                   *
* FORENSIC TESTING: Riger Bolhouse; Michael Sinke.                   *
*                                                                    *
* Continuing Legal Education Credits available                       *
*                                                                    *
*                      Registration Information                      *
*                               NCADRC                               *
*                   P.O. 638 Holland, Ohio  43528                    *
*                          FAX 419-865-0526                          *
*                                                                    *
*                                FREE                                *
*             "Recovered Memories: Are They Reliable?"               *
*     Call or write the FMS Foundation for pamphlets. Be sure to     *
*     include your address and the number of pamphlets you need.     *
*                                                                    *
*                      WEB  SITES  OF  INTEREST                      *
*                                                                    *
*                         *
*            The Lampinen Lab False Memory Reading Group             *
*                       University of Arkansas                       *
*                                                                    *
*                              *
*                  The Exploratorium Memory Exhibit                  *
*                                                                    *
*                                      *
*                   Hartford Courant memory series                   *
*                                                                    *
*                                       *
*                     The Memory Debate Archives                     *
*                                                                    *
*                                         *
*                      French language website                       *
*                                                                    *
*                                    *
*               Contains phone numbers of professional               *
*                 regulatory boards in all 50 states                 *
*                                                                    *
*                                       *
*                   Illinois-Wisconsin FMS Society                   *
*                                                                    *
*                                   *
*                             Ohio Group                             *
*                                                                    *
*                                           *
*                Australian False Memory Association.                *
*                                                                    *
*                                           *
*                    British False Memory Society                    *
*                                                                    *
*                               *
*            This site is run by Laura Pasley (retractor)            *
*                                                                    *
*                          *
*             This site is run by Deb David (retractor)              *
*                                                                    *
*                         *
*                            Upton Books                             *
*                                                                    *
*                   *
*                       Locate books about FMS                       *
*                     Recovered Memory Bookstore                     *
*                                                                    *
*                        *
*               Information about Satanic Ritual Abuse               *
*                                                                    *
*                                      *
*                   Parents Against Cruel Therapy                    *
*                                                                    *
*                               *
*                       New Zealand FMS Group                        *
*                                                                    *
*                                       *
*                       Netherlands FMS Group                        *
*                                                                    *
*                                   *
*           National Child Abuse Defense & Resource Center       *
*                                                                    *
*                                  *
*                  Excerpts from Victims of Memory.                  *
*                                                                    *
*                          *
*                         Ross Institute                             *
*                                                                    *
*         *
*             Perspectives for Psychiatry by Paul McHugh             *
*                                                                    *
*                                *
*                 FMS in Scandinavia - Janet Hagbom                  *
*                                                                    *
*                                              *
*                National Center for Reason & Justice                *
*                                                                    *
*                *
*          Skeptical Information on Theophostic Counseling           *
*                                                                    *
*                         *
*           English language web site of Dutch retractor.            *
*                                                                    *
*                     LEGAL WEBSITES OF INTEREST                     *
*                                        *
*                                           *
*                                       *
*                                           *
*                                      *
*                                                                    *
*                                                                    *
*         S. O. Lilienfeld, S.J. Lynn and  J.M. Lohr (eds.)          *
*                  New York: Guilford Press (2003)                   *
*                                                                    *
*                         Highly recommended                         *
*                                                                    *
*                        by Mark Pendergrast.                        *
*                        Upper Access Books.                         *
*                                                                    *
* "An impressive display of scholarship...a comprehensive treatment  *
* of the recovered-memories controversy.... Pendergrast offers a     *
* broader portrayal of the social and cultural contexts of the       *
* recovered-memories phenomenon [than other books on the subject].   *
* His treatment is also distinguished by some welcome historical     *
* perspective....Pendergrast demonstrates a laudable ability to lay  *
* out all sides of the argument....[He] renders a sympathetic        *
* portrayal of recovery therapists as well-intentioned but           *
* misinformed players in a drama that has veered out of control."    *
*                                                 Daniel L. Schacter *
*                                                Scientific American *
*                     To order:  800-310-8320 or                     *
*                       *
*                                                                    *
*            The Rutherford Family Speaks to FMS Families            *
*                                                                    *
* The video made by the Rutherford family is the most popular video  *
* of FMSF families. It covers the complete story from accusation, to *
* retraction and reconciliation. Family members describe the things  *
* they did to cope and to help reunite. Of particular interest are   *
* Beth Rutherford's comments about what her family did that helped   *
* her to retract and return.                                         *
*                   Available in DVD format only:                    *
*                      To order send request to                      *
*                    FMSF Video, 1955 Locust St.                     *
*                      Philadelphia, PA  19103                       *
*    $10.00 per DVD; Canada add $4.00; other countries add $10.00    *
*               Make checks payable to FMS Foundation                *
*                                                                    *
*                         FMS Stories Wanted                         *
* Seeking FMS-related nonfiction accounts by survivors of False      *
* Memory Syndrome for collection of work to be published by DEL SOL  *
* PRESS. We define "survivors" as patients recovering from           *
* therapeutic FMS/MPD abuse. We include relatives who have not       *
* retracted but admit harm. Contact Mary O'Neal:                     *
*                                      *
*                                                                    *
                F M S    B U L L E T I N    B O A R D

Contacts & Meetings:

  See Georgia
  Kathleen 907-333-5248
        Pat 480-396-9420
  Little Rock
        Al & Lela 870-363-4368
        Joanne & Gerald 916-933-3655
        Jocelyn 530-873-0919
  San Francisco & North Bay 
        Charles 415-984-6626 (am); 415-435-9618 (pm)
  San Francisco & South Bay
        Eric 408-738-0469
  East Bay Area
        Judy 925-952-4853
  Central Coast
        Carole 805-967-8058
  Palm Desert
        Eileen and Jerry 909-659-9636
  Central Orange County - 1st Fri. (MO) @ 7pm
        Chris & Alan 949-733-2925
  Covina Area 
        Floyd & Libby 626-330-2321
  San Diego Area 
        Dee 760-439-4630
  Colorado Springs
        Doris 719-488-9738
  S. New England
        Earl 203-329-8365 or
        Paul 203-458-9173
        Madeline 954-966-4FMS
  Central Florida - Please call for mtg. time
        John & Nancy 352-750-5446
        Francis & Sally 941-342-8310
  Tampa Bay Area
        Bob & Janet 727-856-7091
        Wallie & Jill 770-971-8917
  Chicago & Suburbs - 1st Sun. (MO)
        Eileen 847-985-7693 or
        Liz & Roger 847-827-1056
        Bryant & Lynn 309-674-2767
  Indiana Assn. for Responsible Mental Health Practices
        Pat 260-489-9987
        Helen 574-753-2779
  Wichita - Meeting as called
        Pat 785-738-4840
  Louisville- Last Sun. (MO) @ 2pm
        Bob 502-367-1838
        Carolyn 207-364-8891
        Wally & Boby 207-878-9812
   Andover - 2nd Sun. (MO) @ 1pm
        Frank 978-263-9795
  Grand Rapids Area-Jenison - 1st Mon. (MO)
        Bill & Marge 616-383-0382
  Greater Detroit Area
        Nancy 248-642-8077
  Ann Arbor
        Martha 734-439-4055
        Terry & Collette 507-642-3630
        Dan & Joan 651-631-2247
  Kansas City  -  Meeting as called
        Pat 785-738-4840
  St. Louis Area  -  call for meeting time
        Karen 314-432-8789
  Springfield - Quarterly (Apr., Jul., Oct., Jan. - 
            last Sat. of month) @12:30pm
        Tom 417-753-4878
        Roxie 417-781-2058
  Lee & Avone 406-443-3189
  Mark 802-872-0847
        Sally 609-927-5343
        Nancy 973-729-1433 
  Albuquerque  -2nd Sat. (bi-MO) @1 pm
  Southwest Room - Presbyterian Hospital
        Maggie 505-662-7521 (after 6:30 pm)
        Sy 505-758-0726
        Michael 212-481-6655
  Westchester, Rockland, etc.
        Barbara 914-761-3627
  Upstate/Albany Area
        Elaine 518-399-5749
  Susan 704-538-7202
        Bob & Carole 440-356-4544
  Oklahoma City
        Dee 405-942-0531
        Jim 918-582-7363
  Portland area
        Kathy 503-655-1587
        Paul & Betty 717-691-7660
        Rick & Renee 412-563-5509
        John 717-278-2040
  Wayne (includes S. NJ) - 2nd Sat. (MO)
        Jim & Jo 610-783-0396
  Nashville - Wed. (MO) @1pm
        Kate 615-665-1160
        Jo or Beverly 713-464-8970
   El Paso
        Mary Lou 915-595-3945
        Keith 801-467-0669
        Mark 802-872-0847
        Sue 703-273-2343
        Kathy 503-557-7118
        Katie & Leo 414-476-0285 or
        Susanne & John 608-427-3686
        Alan & Lorinda 307-322-4170

  Vancouver & Mainland 
        Lloyd 250-741-8941
  Victoria & Vancouver Island
        John 250-721-3219
        Roma 204-275-5723
        Adriaan 519-471-6338
        Eileen 613-836-3294
        Ethel 705-924-2546
        Ken & Marina 905-637-6030
        Paula 705-543-0318
        Mavis 450-882-1480
  FMS ASSOCIATION fax 972-2-625-9282 
  Task Force FMS of Werkgroep Fictieve 
        Jan 31-184-413-085
        Colleen 09-416-7443
        Ake Moller FAX 48-431-217-90
  The British False Memory Society
        Madeline 44-1225 868-682

          Deadline for the Sept/Oct Newsletter is August 15
                  Meeting notices MUST be in writing
    and should be sent no later than TWO MONTHS PRIOR TO MEETING.

|          Do you have access to e-mail?  Send a message to          |
|                                         |
| if  you wish to receive electronic versions of this newsletter and |
| notices of radio and television  broadcasts  about  FMS.  All  the |
| message need say is "add to the FMS-News". It would be useful, but |
| not necessary,  if you add your full name (all addresses and names |
| will remain strictly confidential).                                |
  The False Memory Syndrome Foundation is a qualified 501(c)3 corpora-
tion  with  its  principal offices in Philadelphia and governed by its
Board of Directors.  While it encourages participation by its  members
in  its  activities,  it must be understood that the Foundation has no
affiliates and that no other organization or person is  authorized  to
speak for the Foundation without the prior written approval of the Ex-
ecutive Director. All membership dues and contributions to the Founda-
tion must be forwarded to the Foundation for its disposition.

PAMELA FREYD, Ph.D.,  Executive Director

FMSF Scientific and Professional Advisory Board,     September 1, 2004

AARON T. BECK, M.D., D.M.S., U of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
TERENCE W. CAMPBELL, Ph.D., Clinical and Forensic Psychology, 
    Sterling Heights, MI;
ROSALIND CARTWRIGHT, Ph.D., Rush Presbyterian St. Luke's Medical
    Center, Chicago, IL;
JEAN CHAPMAN, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI;
LOREN CHAPMAN, Ph.D., University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI;
FREDERICK C. CREWS, Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, CA;
ROBYN M. DAWES, Ph.D., Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA;
DAVID F. DINGES, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
HENRY C. ELLIS, Ph.D., University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM;
FRED H. FRANKEL, MBChB, DPM, Harvard University Medical School;
GEORGE K. GANAWAY, M.D., Emory University of Medicine, Atlanta, GA;
MARTIN GARDNER, Author, Hendersonville, NC;
ROCHEL GELMAN, Ph.D., Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ;
HENRY GLEITMAN, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
LILA GLEITMAN, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
RICHARD GREEN, M.D., J.D., Charing Cross Hospital, London;
DAVID A. HALPERIN, M.D., (deceased) Mount Sinai School of Medicine, 
    New York, NY;
ERNEST HILGARD, Ph.D., (deceased) Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA;
JOHN HOCHMAN, M.D., UCLA Medical School, Los Angeles, CA;
DAVID S. HOLMES, Ph.D., University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS;
PHILIP S. HOLZMAN, Ph.D., (deceased) Harvard University, Cambridge, MA;
ROBERT A. KARLIN, Ph.D. , Rutgers University, New Brunswick, NJ;
HAROLD LIEF, M.D., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
ELIZABETH LOFTUS, Ph.D., University of California, Irvine, CA;
SUSAN L. McELROY, M.D., University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH;
PAUL McHUGH, M.D., Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD;
HAROLD MERSKEY, D.M., University of Western Ontario, London, Canada;
ULRIC NEISSER, Ph.D., Cornell University, Ithaca, NY;
RICHARD OFSHE, Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley, CA;
EMILY CAROTA ORNE, B.A., University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA;
MARTIN ORNE, M.D., Ph.D., (deceased) U of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
LOREN PANKRATZ, Ph.D., Oregon Health Sciences Univ., Portland, OR;
CAMPBELL PERRY, Ph.D., (deceased) Concordia University, Montreal, Canada;
MICHAEL A. PERSINGER, Ph.D., Laurentian University, Ontario, Canada;
AUGUST T. PIPER, Jr., M.D., Seattle, WA;
HARRISON POPE, Jr., M.D., Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA;
JAMES RANDI, Author and Magician, Plantation, FL;
HENRY L. ROEDIGER, III, Ph.D. ,Washington University, St. Louis, MO;
CAROLYN SAARI, Ph.D., Loyola University, Chicago, IL;
THEODORE SARBIN, Ph.D., University of California, Santa Cruz, CA;
THOMAS A. SEBEOK, Ph.D., (deceased) U of Indiana, Bloomington, IN;
MICHAEL A. SIMPSON, M.R.C.S., L.R.C.P., M.R.C, D.O.M., Center for
    Psychosocial & Traumatic Stress, Pretoria, South Africa;
MARGARET SINGER, Ph.D., {deceased) University of California, Berkeley,
RALPH SLOVENKO, J.D., Ph.D., Wayne State University Law School,
    Detroit, MI;
DONALD SPENCE, Ph.D., Robert Wood Johnson Medical Ctr, Piscataway, NJ;
JEFFREY VICTOR, Ph.D., Jamestown Community College, Jamestown, NY;
HOLLIDA WAKEFIELD, M.A., Institute of Psychological Therapies, 
    Northfield, MN;
CHARLES A. WEAVER, III, Ph.D. Baylor University, Waco, TX

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                    THANK YOU FOR YOUR GENEROSITY.